Patola is an ikat woven sari, usually made from silk, made in Patan, Gujarat, India. The word patola is the plural form; the singular is patola. They are very expensive, once worn only by those belonging to royal and aristocratic families. These saris are popular among those who can afford the high prices. Velvet patola styles are also made in Surat. Patola-weaving is a closely guarded family tradition. There are three families in Patan that weave these highly priced double ikat saris.
To create a patola sari, both the warp and weft threads are wrapped to resist the dye according to the desired pattern of the final woven fabric. This tying is repeated for each colour that is to be included in the finished cloth. The technique of dyeing the warp and weft before weaving is called double ikat. The bundles of thread are strategically knotted before dyeing.
Patola saris from Rajkot , Ahmedabad and Patan are renowned for their colourful diversity and geometrical style.