Paithani is a variety of saree, named after Paithan town in Aurangabad from Maharashtra. Present day Yeola town , Maharashtra is the largest manufacturer of Paithani. Paithani is characterized by borders of an oblique square design , and a pallu with a Peacock design. Plain as well as spotted designs are available. Among other varieties, single coloured and kaleidoscope coloured designs are also popular.This effect is achieved by using one colour for weaving lengthwise another for weaving width wise.
A pattan (Paithani) is a gold and silk saree. In the revival of Paithani weaving, the production was oriented towards export requirements, whise sarees were produced only for sophisticated buyers. Paithani evolved from a cotton base to a silk base. Silk was used in weft designs and in the borders,whereas cotton was used in the body.